Critical Care

[Summary in Progress]

Critical Care Literature

(281) Khanduja K, Scales DC, Adhikari NKJ. Pay for performance in the intensive care unit—Opportunity or threat? Critical Care Medicine. 2009: 37(3) 852-858.

PMID: 19237887


  • No study to date has examined incentives for intensivists.  However, the ICU is a likely target for future quality measures.
  • Group-directed P4P incentives are most likely to be effective.
  • Authors suggest numerous potential quality measures for ICU care.
  • Points out that death may not be a bad outcome for all ICU patients.

Significance to Literature:

ICU P4P programs may soon be considered, professional societies should be involved in the measure development.